Common STD's and how they can affect you and your baby
||Effects on your Health
||Effects on Fetus/Baby
||long-lasting infections, diarrhea, nightsweats, fever, witght loss, swollen glands, coughing, shortness of breath
||Immune system damage leading to cancer, pneumonia, brain damage, death
||fetus can get virus from mother during pregnancy or delivery; immune system damage leading to AIDS, usually within the first six years of life
||drugs now improve the out-look for infected individuals; drug treatment of HIV-positive women reduces the risk of passing the virus to their babies to 2% or less.
||itching or burning during urination, vaginal discharge, whitish discharge from penis, pelvic pain or no symptoms at all
||pelvic inflammatory disease, sterility, ectopic pregnancy (potentially life-threatening condition when embryo becomes implanted out the uterus, usually in fallopian tube)
||baby can catch during vaginal birth, causing ear and eye infections, pneumonia
||can be cured with antibiotics.
||sores on penis or vagina, vaginal discharge, fever, tiredness, itching, aches and pains
||first attack very painful recurrent flareups may be less painful
||baby can catch during vaginal birth, causing severe skin infections, nervous system damage, blindness, mental retartdation, death
||symptoms can be treated: no cure for the disease; flareups may occur 4 to 7 times per year; infected babies treated with anti-viral drugs., though treatment is often unsuccessful when infection is wide-spread.
||Vaginal discharge, burning during urination; most women have no sysmptoms
||pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, arthritis, ectopic pregnancy
||baby can catch during vaginal birth, causing serious eye infection, blindness, joint infections and rarely life-threatening blood infections.
||can be cured with medicine; babies are treated with eye-drops after birth
||sores on penis or vagina, mouth, anus or elswhere; low fever, sore throat, other sores or rashes
||if untreated, can cause damage to heart, blood vessels and nervous system, blindness, insanity and death
||fetus can catch before birth, damaging bones, liver, lungs, blood vessels; infected fetuses can die before or after birth
||can be cured with medicine; once fetus is damaged, there is no cure.
||genital itching, irritation or bleeding; warts may appear as small, cauliflower-shaped clusters; may get worse during pregnancy
||warts grow in size and number, may increase risk of cervical cancer
||baby can catch virus during birth, causing wart growth inside the voicebox and blocking windpipe
||can be treated with medicine applied directly to warts, or with surgery or with cryotherapy (freezing) to remove them.
||tiredness, poor apetite, fever, vomiting, joint pain, hives, rash, or jaundice (yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes)
||can become a long-term carrier and can spread to others by sex and sharing needles, liver disease, death
||baby can cath during vaginal birth, causing long-term liver problems
||Hepatitis A and B vaccine available, can be treated with medicine
||vaginal discharge, odor, itching, burning, redness
||pelvic inflammatory disease, if pregnant - premature delivery
||baby born prematurely, low birth weight
||can be cured with medicine